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Kowalewski, Franciszek (Anton) (1831-1911) Miłobądz, the son of Tomasz Kowalewski (1795-1851) & Elzbieta Brandt (1797-1849), married on 12 February 1854 at Church of the Holy Trinity, Lubiszewo-Tczewskie to widow Barbara Feyster, nee Drozdowska (1830-1891) Rukosin, the daughter of Michal Drozdowski (1806-1863) & Maryanna Cackowska (1802-1852). Barbara was previously married to Jan Feyster (1825-1852) of Miłobadz on 20 October 1850 and had a son, Jozef (1851-1852) Rukosin. Anton & Barbara had the following family—Sliwiny; Rozalia (1854-1855) & Franciszek (1856-1865), Rukosin; Justyna Rozalia (1858-1859), August (1860-1863), Anton Franciszek (1862-1863), Maryanna (1864-1887), Jan (1866-1867), Jakob Gabriel (1868-1868), Ludwik August (1869-1888), Marta (1870-1872) & Julia Barbara (1872-1890). They left Lubiszewo-Tczewskie for Hamburg where they set aboard the Lammershagen on 1 April 1875, arriving at Port Nicholson, Wellington on 11 July 1875.
Listed aboard were—August (Anton) Kowalewski 42, Barbara 42, Maria 9, Julius 5 & Julia 2. They travelled south to Greytown, where Anton’s brother resided. Here they had their youngest child—Anna (1876-1877). The 82’ Free Holders lists Franz, known in New Zealand as Anton, owning 2 acres at Greytown to the value of £200. Barbara died at Greytown on 12 July 1891 aged 60 and is buried at the Southern Cemetery, Dunedin.
“A married women named Barbara Kovalveski, whose husband is a labouring man, died suddenly at Greytown last Sunday, and upon the circumstances having been reported to the Coroner, Mr. Carew deemed an inquiry necessary, and accordingly an inquest was held at the residence of deceased on Monday. Mr. W. Read, was chosen foreman of a jury of six, and the following evidence was tendered:- Franz Antone Kovalveski, husband of deceased, deposed: I am a labourer and reside at Greytown. I have lived here for 16 years. Barbara Kovalveski is my wife; she was born at Deisham, Russia, and was 59 years old. She has had 12 children, but none of them are alive. Since the death of a daughter on the 17th of March 1890, her health has been bad, and she got worse and worse, but she never kept to her bed. Dr McCaw attended her eight or nine years ago for rheumatism. Since then no medical man has attended her till Dr Peters came about six weeks ago. Dr Peters told me that my wife was not strong in the chest; prescribed cod liver oil and a lotion for her chest. Three weeks ago Dr Peters came again and after seeing my wife told me that she was a good deal better, my wife thought she was a good deal better too. Dr Peters has not seen her since then. On Saturday the 11th inst. she was up and went outside the house, but she was very weak then – she had been very weak for several weeks past. My wife has been unable to attend to her household duties for sometime past; I have attended to those duties myself. On Sunday the 12th inst. she got up at about 9.30 in the morning and seemed in her usual state of health. She made no complaint. I went to chapel and returned home about 12 o’clock, my brother Lawrence was with me when I arrived at the fire. I noticed that something was wrong with her, and went up and supported her in my arms. I found she could not speak, although she seemed to be quite conscious. Some water was given to my wife, which she drank. My brother sent his son for Dr. Allan, but my wife died about five or six minutes afterwards. I noticed that she had vomited a little blood, but not a large quantity. To my knowledge it had never happened before. No one was left with her in the house when I went to chapel. I did not think she was worse than usual or I would not have gone. My wife was always quite right in her head. She died about 20 minutes past 12 on Sunday, and Dr Allan told me she was dead, but he did not say what was the cause of death. Evidence was also given by Lawrence and August Kovalveski, after which the jury returned a verdict of ‘Death from natural causes’.” 15 Jul 1891, Taieri Advocate.
Franz Anton was naturalised as a New Zealand citizen on 25 October 1899 as a Labourer residing in Allanton. It is believed Anton was a veteran of the Franco-Prussian war and to the children he was known as Uncle Choo-Choo. Anton was nervous about sudden noises, a legacy of his army service, and on celebration of the New Year the children had much delight in letting off crackers behind Uncle Choo-Choo and watch his reaction. He died on 12 March 1911 aged 79 and is buried at the Southern Cemetery, Dunedin, along side his wife.
Maria Kowalewska died at Greytown after a long illness on 1 June 1887 aged 23 and is buried at the Southern Cemetery, Dunedin.
“DEATH – I regret to have to record the death of one of our settlers, the daughter of one of Polish residents, Mr. Anthony Kervolovski. She died last week after an illness of many months duration. Much sympathy is felt for her parents, who have had to deplore several such calamities during their residence in Greytown. Her funeral left here for Dunedin on Saturday morning, and was followed by a number of friends.” 8 Jun 1887, Taieri Advocate.
Ludwig August (Julius) Kowalewski, employed as a bootmaker, died at Greytown on 13 July 1888 aged 18 and is buried at the Southern Cemetery, Dunedin.
Julianna Kowalewska died at Greytown on 16 May 1890 aged 17 and is buried at the Sourthern Cemetery, Dunedin.
Lohrenz (August) Kowalewski (1834-1894) Miłobądz, the son of Tomasz Kowalewski (1795-1851) & Elzbieta Brandt (1797-1849), married on 30 October 1859 at Church of the Holy Trinity, Lubiszewo-Tczewskie to Josefina Drozdowski (1835-1900) Rukosin, the daughter of Michal Drozdowski (1806-1863) & Maryanna Cackowska (1802-1852). Prior to marriage, Lohrenz had been residing at Kolnik. Family—Szpęgawa; Franz (1860-1941), Rukosin; Rozalia (1862-1941), Barbara (1864-1867), Paulina (1866-1867), Franciszka Augustina (1868-1912) & Marta (1870-1872). They left Stanisławie for Hamburg where they set aboard the Palmerston on 29 July 1872, arriving at Port Chalmers, Dunedin on 6 December 1872. Listed aboard was—Lorenz Aug Kowalewski 34, Josephina 35, Franz 9, Rosalia 8 & August 4. On the journey to New Zealand, Josephina gave birth to Mary (1872-1943). The family was sent south to Scroggs Creek on contract work with Brogden & Sons to lay the southern railway through the Taieri. Family—Allanton; Annie (1876-1953) & Agnes (1878-1947). The 82’ Free Holders lists August owning 250 acres of land to the value of £800 in Greytown. August, a farmer, was naturalised as a New Zealand citizen on 14 November 1893. Lawrence August died at Greytown on 1 August 1894 aged 59 & Josephina died at Dunedin on 17 August 1900 aged 65. Both are buried at the Southern Cemetery, Dunedin.
Franz (Francis Anthony) Kowalewski married on 1 May 1889 at Church of the Sacred Heart, Greytown, in a double wedding ceremony to Anna Elizabeth Bielicka (1872-1951) Waćmierz. Family; Lawrence Mathew (1890-1969), Mary Josephine (1895-1959), Annie Augusta (1897-1949), Veronica (1902-1935), Doris Eileen (1909) & Agnes Frances (1912-1980). Franz, a farmer, was naturalised as a New Zealand citizen on 20 September 1899. He died at Mosgiel on 8 July 1941 aged 80 and is buried at the Allanton Cemetery.
Rosalia Kowalewska married on 1 May 1889 at Church of the Sacred Heart, Greytown, at a double wedding ceremony, Joseph Bielicki (1864-1940) Radostowo. Family; Annie Elizabeth (1889-1912), Albert (1889-1912), Joseph (1891), Frank (1892-1953), Barbara Augusta (1894-1967), John (1897-1952), Joseph (1900), Olive Rose (1904-1904), Mary Agnes Elsie (1907-1992). In 1914, Barbara had a son Clarence George (1914-1939) who was raised as the youngest child of Joseph & Rosalia. Rosalia died on 29 April 1941 aged 78 and is buried at the Allanton Cemetery.
Francisca Augustina Kowalewska (Aunt Fanny) never married. She moved to Wellington about 1910 with sisters Mary, Annie & Agnes. She died at Wellington on 16 November 1912 aged 44 and is buried at Karori cemetery.
Pobόg-Jaworowski, J. W, History of the Polish Settlers in New Zealand, ed. Warsaw; Chz “Ars Polonia.” 1990, pages 22, 23, 25, 26, 155, 169, 196 & 197.
Archives New Zealand, Passenger Lists, 1839-1973, FamilySearch.
Archives New Zealand Te Rua Mahara O Te Kawanatanga; Land Records.
Catholic Diocese of Dunedin, St Mary’s Church, Milton; Baptism Register.
Lubiszewo Tczewskie, Miłobądz & Tczew Parish Records, Pelplin Diocese, Poland.
New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs Naturalisations, Births, Deaths and Marriages.
New Zealand Government Property Tax Department, from the rates assessment rolls, Return of Freeholders of New Zealand 1882, published 1884.
Walsh John, Masterton, supplied extensive history of Prussia, family history & family documents (1998).
Compiled by Paul Klemick (2021)