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Johann Gottfried Neas, (b. abt. 1791-–d. 1857) was the son of Michael Neas (b. abt. 1761–d. 1819) and married Ana Christina Schmann/Seemann (b. abt. 1808). The family born at Podstolice were; Johann Gottlieb (b. 1820–d. 1820), Anna Rosina (b. 1821), at Studżce; Anna Henriette (b. 1824), Johanna Wilhelmine (b. 1826–d. 1906), Ernestine Wilhelmine (b. 1828–d. 1830) and Ernestine (b. 1833). Gottfried died on 24 March 1857 at Brzekiniec and Christine married widower, Friedrich Vorwerk (b. abt. 1808) at Margonin in 1858.
Johann Michael Neas, (b. abt. 1794-–d. 1842) from the village of Podstolice, was the son of Michael Neas (b. abt. 1761–d. 1819). He married on 9 October 1821 at Chodzież to Anna Rosina Steinke (b. abt. 1804 at Witkowo–d. 1862), the daughter of Christian Steinke (b. abt. 1776–d. 1852 at Margonin). The family born at Pietronki were; Martin Wilhelm (b. 1822–d. 1822), at Podanin; Johann Michael (b. 1825–d. 1826), at Mirowo; Josephine (b. 1827), Anna Rosina (b. abt. 1830–d. 1893), Johann Friedrich (b. 1832–d. 1926), Johann Julius (b. 1834), at Szamocin; Christina Ernestina (b. 1839–d. 1925) and Carl Ferdinand (b. 1843–d. 1908). Michael died on 22 June 1842 at Szamocin and Anna Rosina married widower, Johann Gottfried Schlawe (b. abt. 1785–d. 1848) on 13 February 1848 at Sokołowo Budzyńskie. Gottfried Schlawe died on 8 August 1848 at Brzekiniec and Anna Rosina married widower, Carl August Neumann (b. abt. 1795–d. 1853) on 10 November 1850 at Margonin. Carl August died on 21 February 1853 at Margonin and Anna Rosina died on 3 December 1862 at Słomki.
Johann Friedrich Neas, a joiner, (b. 1832–d. 1926) was born at Mirowo on 1 February 1832, the son of Johann Michael Neas and Anna Rosina Steinke. Friedrich married about 1862 to Albertine Pauline Müller (b. 9 February 1837 at Słomki–d. 1919), the daughter of Johann Christian Müller and Wilhelmine Thews. The family born at Trzaskowice were: Gustav Rudolph (b. 1863–d. 1948), Maria Elizabeth Emma (b. 1865–d. 1875), at Ostrówki; Emilie Bertha (b. 1867–d. 1957) and Emily Annistine (b. 1871–d. 1930). It is believed Frederick was unable to read or write due to a lack of education. Due to the discontent of unemployment and persecution, Fredrich Neas along with his sister and cousins who were married to Friederich Kallm, Friederich Radke and Hermann Scheiffelbein joined an exodus in 1874 for Gravesend, London where they set sail aboard the P. Dallam Tower on 21 December 1874, arriving at Wellington on 17 March 1875.
Listed aboard were: Frederick Neas age 37, Pauline 37, Rudolph 11, Emma 9 Bertha 7 and Emilia 3; Frederick Kallm age 47, Wilhelmina 47, Augustina 16, Johann 14, Emilie 7 and Matilda 1; Frederick Radke age 25, Rosina 36, Emilia 17, Ernestina 15, Gustavus 8 and Rudolph 6; Herman Schieffelbein age 30, Ernestina 32, Wilhelmina 15, Rudolph 6 and Theodore 1.
Johanna Wilhelmina Neas was born at Studżce on 24 February 1826. She married on 2 January 1853 at Szamocin to Johann Adamski (b. 1824–d. 1865). The family born at Laskowo were: Ernistine Ottilie (b. 1854–d. 1948), August Hermann (b. 1856), Emilie Augusta (b. 1858–d. 1896), Johann (b. 1861–d. 1922), Male (b. 1863–d. 1863) and Johann Julius (b. 1864–d. 1865). Johann Adamski died on 17 October 1865 at Laskowo. Wilhelmina remarried in 1866 at Szamocin to Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Kallm (b. 1822–d. 1907), the son of Johann Friedrich Kallm and Anna Christine Arndten. The family born at Laskowo were: Emilie Ottilie (b. 1869–d. 1968) and Matilda (b. 1872–d. 1959). John Kallm was naturalised as a New Zealand citizen on 14 August 1900, a settler at Makarewa. Wilhemina died at Makarewa on 20 November 1906 and Frederick died on 3 November 1907 at Makarewa. Both are buried at the Saint John’s Cemetery in Invercargill.
“DEATHS. KALLM.—At her residence, Makarewa, on Tuesday, November 20th, 1906, Wilhelmina, beloved wife of Frederick Kallm; aged 84 years. Deeply regretted. The funeral will leave the house at 2.80 p.m. on Friday, 23rd inst., for St. John’s Cemetery, Friends please accept this (the only) intimation. KINGSLAND AND FERGUSON, Undertakers.” Southland Times, 23 November 1906, p 2
Anna Rosina Neas was born about 1829 and married on 30 October 1853 at Margonin to Johann Friedrich Radke (b. 1828–d. 1916) of Atanazyn, the son of Johann Friedrich Radke and Charlotte Wilhelmine Gruen. The family born at Margonin were: Johann Friedrich (b. 1854), at Piłka; Emilie Ernestine (b. 1856), at Słomki; Ernestine Henriette (b. 1859–d. 1935), Johann Julius (b. 1861), Anna Julianne (b. 1863–d. 1864), Gustav Adolph (b. 1865–d. 1905), Rudolph (b. 1868–d. 1905), at Rataje; Auguste Bertha (b. 1871–d. 1873). Rosina died at Waikiwi on 28 March 1893 and is buried at the Saint John’s Cemetery in Invercargill. It is believed her husband migrated to Australia and died at Queensland on 18 July 1916.
Johann Friedrich Neas and his family found themselves in the deep south of New Zealand in the township of Makarewa.
“WASTE LANDS BOARD. The Chief Commissioner presided at the meeting of the Board yesterday, and all the members were present… F. J. Neas and R. Collinson were granted leave to purchase their d.p. sections, Makarewa township, as were also P. McDermott and A. Dykes for their sections in Oteramika Hundred.” Southland Times, 3 June 1881, p 2
“Waste Lands Board. Thursday, July 26th. At the ordinary meeting of the Board, Mr Lumsden, in the unavoidable absence of the Chief Commissioner, was elected chairman; the other members present being Messrs Mitchell, Toshach, and Dennlston. The first business taken up, in consequence of the large number of applicants present, was the allotment by ballot of sections in the extension of Makarewa township… For section 2, block 5, to Frederick Neas.” Southland Times, 27 July 1883, p 3
Frederick was naturalised a New Zealand citizen on 29 June 1901, a settler at Makarewa.
“DEATHS. NEAS. —At the residence of her son-in-law, Nisbet Robertson, Herbert street, Gladstone, on Friday, March 21, 1919, Paulina, dearly beloved wife of Frederick John Neas, late of Makarewa; in her 83rd year. The funeral will leave the house at 2 p.m. on Sunday, 23rd inst., for St. John’s Cemetery, Waikiwi. Friends please accept this (the only) intimation. —Kingsland & Ferguson, Undertakers.” Southland Times, 22 March 1919, p 4
Pauline died at the residence of her son-in-law in Invercargill on 21 March 1919 at 82.
“DEATHS. NEAS—At the residence of his son-in-law, Nisbet Robertson, 98 Herbert Street, Gladstone, Invercargill, on Sunday, September 19, 1926, Frederick John, beloved husband of the late Paulina Neas (late of Makarewa) in his 90th year. The funeral will leave the house at 2 pm. on Tuesday, the 21st inst., for St. John’s Cemetery, Waikiwi. Friends please accept this (the only) intimation. — Macdonald & Weston, Undertakers. “ Southland Times, 20 September 1926, p 6
Frederick died at Invercargill on 19 September 1926 age 89. He is buried with his wife at the St. Johns Cemetery at Invercargill.
Gustav (Rudolph) Neas was born at Trzaskowice on 9 December 1863.
“Waste Lands Board. Thursday, 2nd Aug. The ordinary meeting was attended by the Chief Commissioner and ,Denniston, Mitchell, Toshach, and Lumsden. A number of deferred-payment sections in the same township (Makarewa) were applied for and granted as follows:— Rudolph Neas, section 1, block 5…” Southland Times, 3 August 1883, p 4
He married at Invercargill in 1888 to Elizabeth Myers (b. 1870 at Makarewa–d. 1943), the daughter of Christian Frederick (Joachim) Myers (b. 1826–d. 1906) and Betsy Ann Taylor (b. 1838–d. 1900). The family born at Makarewa were: Violet Bessie (b. 1889–d. 1956), Marion Alice (b. 1891–d. 1975), Henry Rudolph (b. 1893–d. 1966), Walter Frederick (b. 1895–d. 1971), Ethel Elizabeth (b. 1897–d. 1961), Myrtle Alexandria (b. 1899–d. 1977), William Oscar (b. 1901–d. 1974), Albert James (b. 1903–d. 1987), Mary Isabel (b. 1905–d. 1992), Dorothy Theresa (b. 1907–d. 1907), Elena Bertha (b. 1908–d. 1993) and Leslie Victor (b. 1910–d. 1967). Rudolph was naturalised as a New Zealand citizen on 15 December 1900, a farmer at Makarewa.
“FOR PRIVATE SALE. THE Property of Mr Rudloph Neas, at Makarewa, in one or smaller lots, to suit purchasers. All in grass-fenced, drained and improved; This is without exception the finest property in Makarewa. WM TODD & CO. Don Street.” Southland Times, 12 December 1905, p 3
“SOUTHLAND COUNTY COUNCIL. FRIDAY, 12th MARCH. The monthly meeting of the Southland County Council was attended by the Chairman (Mr Colin Robertson), and Crs. T. Green, J. P. Wilson, D. Gilchrist, H. J. Middleton. D. Dickie, J. R. Hamilton, AV, Ronald and Jas. Fleming…R. Neas, Waikiwi, drew attention to the bad state of the culvert below sec. 19, block 4, Mclvor’s road, Waikiwi.— Surfaceman to inspect with power to act.” Southland Times, 15 March 1909, p 3
“SOUTHLAND COUNTY COUNCIL. MONTHLY MEETING. The monthly meeting of the Southland County Council was held in the Council Chambers yesterday, when there were present: —Chairman, H. J. Middleton, L. Robertson C. Kerse. T. Fraser, J. R. Hamilton, A. Stewart, D. Gilchrist, H. G. Brass and J. Fleming…R. Neas and ‘Wm. Robertson, farmers, Waikiwi, wrote drawing attention to the state of the culvert below their sections on Mclvor’s Road. The culvert required lowering as the water backed up on to their sections. —Culvert to be lowered under usual conditions…” Southland Times, 15 November 1913, p 3
“LIVE STOCK AND THE FARM. DOES IT PAY TO MANURE PASTURES? The manuring of various farm crops has received generally much more attention than the top-dressing of pastures or grassland. This fact may be chiefly because it is easier to determine the yields from manured and unmanured sections of most crops than it is in the case of pastureland. The difficulty of obtaining efficient and reliable farm labour also prejudices many thoroughgoing farmers from accurately carrying out experiments on their grass paddocks: Nevertheless grassland—especially that subjected to constant cutting for hay or seed, or for heavy grazing—requires feeding with fertilisers as much as any farm crop. An experiment carried out recently by Mr Rudolph Neas, Waikiwi, near Invercargill, is consequently of interest. The test which was undertaken privately was supervised by Mr W. Alexander, Fields Instructor of the Agricultural Department. The pasture consisted of ryegrass and white clover which was sown down with an oat crop in the spring of 1918 and had carried some cattle during the following Winter. Realising the almost general want of phosphatic manure in our New Zealand soils, the following plan was adopted in the plots being each one acre in area; — Plot 1—Basic1 —Basic super, 2cwt per acre. Plot 2—No manure (check plot). Plot 3—Basic super, 2cwt per acre; nitrate of soda, 1cwt per acre.
The basic super was applied in the second week of October 1919, to both Plots 1 and 3; the Nitrate of Soda, which manure is extensively used for grassland in Great Britain, etc., was given as a separate topdressing. at the end of October. The young grass had already shown considerable growth before the manures were put on, so that better results particularly from the basic super would doubtless have been obtained had this fertiliser been put on some 6 or 8 weeks earlier. The effects of the manures were very evident to the eye; whereas the basic super plot only appeared to be a little more dense than the control plot, on looking over the standing grass crop it was quite easy to mark where the nitrate of soda plot commenced in consequence of the heavier growth, greener foliage and also by the prevalence of a greater amount of clover. The season could not be considered a favourable one and the ground was unlimed, otherwise the yields would have been no doubt heavier. The plots were out for hay for the first time, and from now on will be chiefly used for grazing. The yields were carefully ascertained as follows: Plot 1 (basic super)—2 tons 14cwt 1qr . 7 lbs. Plot 2 (control)—2 tons 3cwt 0qrs 211bs. Plot 3 (basic super plus nitrate of soda) —4 tons 9cwt 3qrs 10lbs. The increased yield of Plot 3 over the control plot, viz.; —2 tons 6cwt 2qr 171b was worth just about £l4 per acre, calculating the value of dried hay at the recent ruling price of £6 per ton. The cost of manures for Plot 2 was 16/- per acre; for Plot 3 the cost was 56/- per acre, and the net profit by manuring at current prices was £ll 4/- per acre. Does it pay to manure pastures? Consideration of the above result will answer the question so far as this Southland instance shows. On a pre-war basis, nitrate of soda cost £l6 per ton and basic super £4 15/- per ton, therefore the manures for Plot 3 would have cost 25/6 per acre, and even valuing the hay at only £2 10/- per ton, a net profit is deducible of about £4 11/- per acre. At no time is it more necessary to manure crops and pastures than when labour and (farm products are dear. The above comparison shows that even at the. current prices of manures, manuring of pastures is a worthy consideration. Mr Neas intends continuing the test this year.” Southland Times, 14 February 1920, P 7
Elizabeth died on 23 June 1943 at Waikiwi and Rudolph died on 9 August 1948 at Timaru. They are buried at the St. John’s Cemetery in Invercargill.
Maria Elizabeth (Emma) Neas was born at Trzaskowice on 15 April 1865. Emma died of a heart disorder aboard the ship, P. Dallam Tower, before reaching New Zealand, on 14 March 1875 age 9.
Bertha Emilia Neas was born at Ostrówki on 8 January 1867. She married at Invercargill in 1888 to Alfred Myers (b. 1866 at Makarewa–d. 1918), the son of Christian Frederick (Joachim) Myers (b. 1826–d. 1906) and Betsy Ann Taylor (b. 1838–d. 1900). The family born at Waikiwi were: Bertha Emily (b. 1889–d. 1918), Elsie Adeline (b. 1890–d. 1973), Norman Frederick (b. 1895–d. 1918) and Alfred Victor (b. 1902–d. 1902). Bertha, a housekeeper at Waikiwi, was registered onto the Awarua Electoral Roll in 1893, joining the first woman in the democratic world to get the vote. Alfred died at Waikiwi on 4 December 1918 and Bertha died on 3 July 1957 at Waikiwi. Both are buried at the St. John’s Cemetery in Invercargill.
Emily Annistine Neas was born at Trzaskowice in 1871. She married at Invercargill in 1899 to Alexander Myers (b. 1863 at Melbourne–d. 1899). The family born at Waikiwi were: Emily Christina (b. 1890–d. 1962), Walter Henry Alexander (b. 1892–d. 1962), Evelyn Lilias Bessie (b. 1896–d. 1968) and Harold Rudolph (b. 1897–d. 1977). Alexander Myers died at Waikiwi on 7 August 1899 age 36 and is buried at the St. John’s Cemetery in Invercargill. Emily remarried at Waikiwi in 1905 to Nisbet Easton Robertson (b. 1881–d. 1964), the son of John Robertson (b. 1841–d. 1918) and Margaret Easton (b. 1841–d. 1929). The family born at Invercargill were: Kathleen Elsie (b. 1906–d. 1988) and Hazel Margaret (b. 1908–d. 1973). Emily died at Waikiwi on 16 March 1930 and Nisbet died at Waikwi on 2 November 1964. They are buried at the St. John’s Cemetery in Invercargill.
Christina Ernestina Neas was born at Szamocin on 9 December 1839. Prior to marriage she had a son, Carl Gustav (b. 1864–d. 1866) at Podstolice. She married on 2 March 1869 at Gniezno to Hermann August Friedrich Ferdinand Schieffelbein (b. 1844–d. 1900), the son of Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Schieffelbein and Dorothea Sophie Louise Westpah. The family born at Ostrówki were; Gustav Rudolph August (b. 1869–d. 1944), at Kąkolewice; Theodore Albert (b. 1873–d. 1949), at Makarewa; Wilhelmina (b. 1875–d. 1899), Emily Amelia (b. 1877–d. 1952), Lena Louisa (b. 1879–d. 1903), Frederick Henry (b. 1882–d. 1948) and Christina (b. 1884–d. 1965). Herman was naturalised as a New Zealand citizen on 30 November 1887, a labourer at Makarewa Bush. Herman died at Makarewa on 13 June 1900 and Christina died on 19 January 1925 and is buried with her husband at Saint John’s Cemetery in Invercargill.
“DEATHS. SHIEFFELBEIN.—At the residence of her daughter, Mrs John Williams, 199 Esk street, on Monday, January 19, 1925, Christina Shieffelbein; aged 86 years. “At Rest.” The funeral will leave 199 Esk street on Thursday, 22nd inst., at 2.30 p.m., for St. John’s Cemetery, Waikiwi. Friends, please accept this (the only) intimation. —Macdonald & Weston, Undertakers.” Southland Times, 21 January 1925, p 4
Archives New Zealand, Passenger Lists, 1839-1973, FamilySearch.
Archives New Zealand Te Rua Mahara O Te Kawanatanga; Land Records.
New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs Naturalisations, Births, Deaths and Marriages.
Compiled by Paul Klemick (2022)
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